Thinking Skills are the mental processes we use to do things like: solve problems, make decisions, ask questions, make plans, pass judgements, organize information and create new ideas.
Often we're not aware of our thinking - it happens automatically - but if we take time to ponder what's going on then we can become more efficient and more creative with our minds.
Strategic and Reflective Thinking Skills
This is meta-cognition - thinking about thinking.
It can involve planning, monitoring and evaluating your use of the cognitive skills above.
A good way to introduce young thinkers to reflective thinking is by making a display like the one below.
Reference: Aspiro Education Limited, 2009, Thinking Classrooms, [Online]
Available from: http://www.thinkingclassroom.co.uk/ThinkingClassroom/ThinkingSkills.aspx