Tuesday, July 28, 2009

Rules and Regulations for School Children

Ministry of Education

Male’, Maldives

RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR SCHOOL CHILDREN

INTRODUCTION

In accordance with the education system of the Republic of Maldives, all students shall abide by these Rules and regulations of the Ministry of Education during the course of their study at school. In addition to this, each school should have their own set of more specific regulations for students based on these rules and regulations

PURPOSE

The purpose of this document is

- to help foster good discipline in each and every student completing schooling,

- to facilitate the inculcation of good citizenship values, along with religious and cultural values,

- to aid the schools in fostering respectability, productivity, knowledge, skills, and instill good health in students

PLACE OF REGULATION

This regulation is imposed on to all students studying in schools of the Republic of Maldives. This regulation will be implemented by schools and people involved in providing education. The term ‘school’ in this regulation implies to all common places where education is provided to students.

ARTICLES

1. Respecting the Laws and Regulations

1.1 Every student must follow the laws and principles of Islam, fulfill the obligatory duties and refrain from wrong doings.

1.2 Every student must abide by the laws, rules and regulation of the Republic of Maldives.

2. School Attendance

2.1 Every student should come to school on time. . Students participating in any extra activities should be punctual to the activity as well.

2.2 Student absent for school due to illness or any other valid reason must present a written reason for the absence, from the parents/guardians to the school, when the student returns to school. It is the responsibility of the parents/guardians to send the letter to school and the class teacher should sign this letter as well.

2.3 Student infected with a communicable disease, must present a medical certificate from a certified medical practitioner, when the student returns to school.

Note: Information on communicable diseases is attached with this regulation.

3 Things needed for School

3.1 All necessary materials should be brought to school according to the school timetable and any material requested by the school should be brought to school too. Other unnecessary materials are not allowed in the school and it is the responsibility of the parents/guardians to see that such unnecessary things are not brought to school.

3.2 Materials brought to the school including the stationary, should be relevant to age and grade. In this respect, the material brought should not be very expensive.

3.3 Materials other than mentioned in article 3.1 are not allowed to be brought to school.

4 School Uniform and Dress Code

4.1 Every student should attend school and other places representing the school wearing the school uniform. This will not be followed in cases where the school has arranged activities that do not require the normal uniform

4.2 Jewelry is not permitted in school except for a necklace/chain that is normally worn by girls. This necklace/chain should not be displayed with the school uniform.

4.3 Boys are not permitted any form of jewelry with or without the uniform.. It is the responsibility of the parent to see the student adheres to, this regulation.

4.4 Hair, of every student must be kept clean and neat.

4.5 Nails should be cut short and clean.

4.6 Make-up is not permitted with the school uniform or when involved with any activity related to school. (NB: exception will be make-up put on for school plays, etc.).

4.7 Dying and colouring of hair and applying hair gel are not permitted.

5 Students Traveling Abroad

5.1 Parents/guardians of student travelling abroad during the school days should inform in writing to the school and a letter of consent has to be taken from the school. Travelling abroad with permission of parents/guardians during the holidays is not included in this category.

5.2 Parents/guardians of student participating in any extra activities during the school holidays should inform in writing to the school and the letter of consent has to be taken from the school before leaving.

6 Protection of School Properties and Rights of Other Students

6.1 Students are not allowed to harm any student, property and/or building inside or out side the school. Getting involved with others in such destructive behaviour is prohibited

6.2 Students are not permitted to take or use another students belonging without their prior permission

6.3 If a student does harm to another student, person, school property and building, the full responsibility of the action and damage has to be taken by that particular student and his/her parents/guardians.

7 Participating in Activities Outside the School

7.1 Students are not permitted to participate in any clubs, associations without the permission of the school or unless the school has given the opportunity to do so. In addition to this, if an Association identifies and need a student they can involve the student, but only after consent has been sought from the parent and the school.

7.2 A student is only permitted to participate in public music shows, drama and other such functions, after the parent/guardian requests the school and obtained a written consent from the school.

7.3 A student can appear in films, public shows; record music for music albums only after consent has been sought from the school. This consent will be given by the school, after the role of the student is assessed by the school, when the parent/guardian to the school submits a written request for consent.

8 Social, ethical and moral considerations for students

8.1 Every student must obey the laws and principles of Islam and respect cultural and moral values of the Maldivian society.

8.2 Every student must respect and obey their parents

8.3 Every student must obey and respect school heads, teachers, and staff of the school.

8.4 Every student should show respect and use appropriate language in communicating with others.

8.5 Every student should be punctual to school and use the time valuably.

8.6 Every student should make good use of the opportunities presented to them, be committed and hardworking

8.7 Every student should learn to economize.

8.8 Every student should respect their elders and show caring for the young

8.9 Students are allowed out on the street after 10pm only with the permission from the parent/guardian Activities organized after 10pm by the school are not included here.


9. Things Prohibited to Students

9.1 Smoking

9.2 Abuse of narcotics drugs

9.3 Riding vehicles without the license

9.4 Involving in physical activities with each other where the societal, behavioural norms are breached

9.5 Being in the school uniform other than for school activities

9.6 Being a member of a club/association and actively participating in it

9.7 Being a part or participating in any riots, chaos, fighting, and rallies

9.8 Marriage

9.9 Involving in any sexual misconduct

9.10 Engaging in political party and participating in any activities organized by them.

9.11 Use of mobile phones during school hours

9.12 In addition to what is mentioned above, any thing that breaches the Islamic law and the Constitutional Law of the Republic Maldives.


10. Student Employment

10.1 Student employed for remuneration is strictly prohibited (assisting in family work that is compatible with age is not included. Work experience with the school consent is also not included in this category).

11 Taking action against children who breaches these rules and regulations

Action should be taken in accordance with the regulations imposed by the Ministry of Education. These include:

11.1 Giving advice and recording the problem

11.2 Suspending from sports and other activities according to the school policy

11.3 Keeping children after school and completing a task (appropriate for students) given by the school.

11.4 Informing the parent and reminding the parent of their duty

11.5 Suspending the student for a limited time

11.6 Warning about expelling the student from school

11.7 Expelling the student from school

NB: Details of the punishment, specific to the breach will be in the school behavioural policy that will be compiled by the school

January 2008

Annex

c

School Health Unit

Educational Supervision and Quality Improvement Section

Ministry of Education

Male’

Republic of Maldives

Infection Control in schools

Introduction

This guidance has been written to help schools in controlling the spread of infections. An appropriate response to a student with infection will not only benefit the pupil directly, but can also positively influence the whole school community. It would, in fact, allow schools to ensure that other students and staff are not put at risk and prevent disease outbreaks in schools.

Some common diseases experienced by children in Maldives are listed below and recommendations given. Schools are advised to take preventive measures, such as following good hygiene practices and confirming whether children are vaccinated according to the national schedule, to avoid the spread of infectious diseases.

DISEASE/ILLNESS

RECOMMENDED PERIOD TO BE KEPT AWAY FROM SCHOOL

COMMENTS

Diarrhea and/or vomiting

48hrs from last episode of diarrhea or vomiting

Usually caused by indigestion of contaminated food or drink.

Note: Proper sanitation, clean drinking water and good hygiene should be practiced in schools to prevent diarrhea diseases

Respiratory

‘flu’ (influenza)

2 – 4 days

Flu is most infectious just before and at onset of symptoms.

Tuberculosis*

Till sputum becomes negative for TB bacilli (usually within 2 months of starting treatment)

Not usually spread from young children. Students in secondary and higher secondary may have adult type pulmonary tuberculosis which is infectious if sputum is positive for TB bacilli.

Anti TB drugs are to be continued for a minimum of 6 months. However, once the student is declared sputum negative for TB bacilli he/she can attend classes and continue treatment.

Illness with Rashes / Skin

DISEASE/ILLNESS

RECOMMENDED PERIOD TO BE KEPT AWAY FROM SCHOOL

COMMENTS

Chickenpox*

3 – 7 days after onset of last group of rash

Or 2-3 weeks from the onset of the illness

It is not necessary to wait until spots have healed or crusted

(page 1057 – Nelson) – it is contagious from 24-48hrs before the rashes appear and until vesicles are crusted

Cold sores,

(herpes simplex)

None, usually

Avoid kissing and contact with the sores. Sores are generally mild self-limiting diseases. Many healthy children and adults have the virus sometimes without having a ‘sore’

German measles (rubella)*

5 days from onset of rash

This is most infectious before the diagnosis is made. Minimized by immunizations.

Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease*

5-7 days (nearly a week)

Usually a mild self-limiting illness. It is however moderately contagious and spreads easily by droplet, formite and faeco-oral route. No specific treatment is required

Impetigo

Until lesions are crusted or healed.

Usually does not require exclusion, severe cases may need to be kept away from school.

Topical applications of antibiotics are sufficient for mild cases. Severe cases may need oral antibiotics.

Measles*

5 days (up to a week)

Highly infectious. Preventable by routine vaccination. Use of vitamin A during infection prevents complications

Ringworm

Until on treatment

Proper treatment by GP is important. Enhanced cleaning and hand washing is essential.

Scabies

Until treated (two treatments 1 week apart for cases. Contacts should have one treatment at the same time as second treatment of the case)

Child can return to school as soon as properly treated. Treatment should include the entire household. If lesions can reliably be kept covered, or skin contact avoided, exclusion may be shortened.

Other

DISEASE/ILLNESS

RECOMMENDED PERIOD TO BE KEPT AWAY FROM SCHOOL

COMMENTS

Conjunctivitis*

Until purulent discharge clears

If an outbreak/cluster occurs consult HPU, exclusion may be considered.

Head lice (nits)

None

Treatment is recommended only in case where live lice have definitely been seen. Close contacts should be checked and treated if live lice are found. Regular detection should be carried out by parents.

Hepatitis B*

None

There is no justification for excluding older children with good hygiene. Exclusion should still be attempted in nurseries where hygiene maybe an issue so causing a risk to adults.

Meningococcal

Meningitis* / septicemia*

Department of Public Health will give advice on any action needed and identify contacts receiving antibiotics

Meningococcal C is preventable by routine vaccination. Suspected cases will need hospitalized care. Siblings and other close contacts will need prophylaxes.

Mumps*

5 days from onset of swollen glands.

The child is most infectious before the diagnosis is made. Preventable by routine vaccination. It spreads by droplets.

Threadworms

None

Treatment is recommended for the child and family.

Tonsillitis

None

There are many causes, but most cases are due to viruses and do not need an antibiotic. For streptococcal infection, antibiotic treatments are recommended.

*Denotes it is a disease and the diagnosing physician must contact local authorities if such cases arise.

Safety precautions for pregnant staff in schools

Exposure of non-immune pregnant women to the following infections may pose danger to their unborn baby. Therefore, if exposed to such an infection (from a child) necessary investigations are required. Immunization maybe required.

- Chickenpox – if exposed in first 20 weeks of pregnancy or during last three weeks.

- German measles (rubella) – if exposed in first weeks of pregnancy.

- Measles during pregnancy is serious as it can result in early delivery or even loss of the baby. If exposed inform whoever is giving antenatal care -passive prophylaxis can be given.

Immunizations

Immunization is essential since it not only prevents the immunized child from future infections but also prevents his/her siblings, friends and classmates from getting those diseases. Some of these diseases have, at one time or another, been a serious threat to children in this country. Most of them are now at their lowest levels due to years of immunization. Anyhow if parents fail to get their children immunized, diseases that have been under control can come back to cause epidemics.

Therefore, to limit such incidents, immunizations status should be checked at school entry and at the time of any vaccination. Any vaccinations that have been missed, at any particular age, should be given as soon as identified.

All children should be vaccinated according to the routine childhood immunization schedule, which in 2007

Disease

Vaccine

Primary Course

Tuberculosis

BCG

At birth

Diphtheria Pertussis Tetanus

DPT

1st dose- 6 weeks

2nd dose- 4 weeks of 1st dose 3 rd dose- 4 weeks of 2nd dose

Poliomyelitis

Oral Polio

Vaccine OPV

1st dose- at birth

2nd dose- 4 weeks

3rd dose- 4 weeks of 2nd dose

4th dose- 4 weeks of 3rd dose

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B

1st dose- at birth

2nd dose- 4 weeks from 1st dose

3rd dose- 12 weeks from 2nd dose

Measles

Measles

At 9 months of age

MMR

MMR

At 18 months

Diseases outbreak – two or more cases clustered at the same time in a school; the clinical case definition maybe used to count cases if one case has been confirmedis:

Prepared by:

School Health Unit, Ministry of Education.

Commented and approved by:

Department of Public Health and Maldivian Medical Association.

Please contact school health & safety unit on 3317440 or 3341454 if you would like any further advice or information.

References

http://www.dh.uk.gov

http://www.hpa.uk.gov

http://www.cdc.gov


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